Psychosocial Functioning Among Caregivers of Childhood Cancer Survivors Following Treatment Completion

August 18, 2021
Publications

Psychosocial Functioning Among Caregivers of Childhood Cancer Survivors Following Treatment Completion

August 18, 2021
Publications

Quast L.F, Lewis R.W, Lee J.L, Blount R.L, and Marshak J.G

August 18, 2021
Publications

Psychosocial Functioning Among Caregivers of Childhood Cancer Survivors Following Treatment Completion

August 18, 2021
Publications
Eve: Evidation's brand mark which is a yellow glowing orb

OBJECTIVE: To inform efforts to better support caregivers of children with cancer during the transition from treatment to survivorship, this study sought to characterize caregiver mental health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and anxiety, and examine the influence of family psychosocial risk and caregiver problem-solving on these outcomes.

METHOD: Participants included 124 caregivers (child age M = 10.05 years; SD = 4.78), 12–19 months from the conclusion of cancer-directed treatment. Participants’ self-reported mental HRQOL, anxiety, and problem-solving were compared with community norms using T-tests. Correlations and hierarchical multiple regressions examined the influence of psychosocial risk and problem-solving on caregiver mental HRQOL and anxiety.

RESULTS: Overall, caregivers reported HRQOL and anxiety within normal limits. Caregivers also reported more adaptive patterns of problem-solving than community norms. Subsets of caregivers reported clinical levels of psychosocial risk (11%) and at-risk levels of mental HRQOL (2.5%) and anxiety (5.7%). Females reported greater anxiety than males. Psychosocial risk and negative problem orientation (NPO) were both related to poorer mental HRQOL and greater anxiety (R = .40–.51, P’s < .001). Positive problem orientation related to better mental HRQOL and lower anxiety (R = .18–.21, P’s < .05). Impulsivity/carelessness and avoidance were associated with greater anxiety (R = .19–.25, P’s < .05). Only NPO accounted for additional variance in mental HRQOL and anxiety, over and above psychosocial risk and demographic characteristics.

CONCLUSIONS: The majority of caregivers appear to be resilient and experience limited distress during the off therapy period. Targeting negative cognitive appraisals (NPO) through cognitive-behavioral therapy or problem-solving skills training may further improve caregiver psychosocial functioning.

Read the full publication here.

Related Therapeutic Areas: